Preparing the Backpack

We can distinguish different types of backpacks:

  • Great load: 70 to 85 liters.
  • Excursion with overnight stay – camp: 45 to 70 litres.
  • Attack: 30 to 45 liters.
  • Climbing: small and techniques.
  • Lady: adapted to the female morphology.
  • Watertight: submersible, canyoning and other sports with high water contact.

Parts of a Backpack:

Preparing the Backpack 1

  1. Adjustment of height from the top (to adjust load conditions).
  2. ASA’s haul (to handle it when it is not on the back).
  3. Strapless top of shoulders or stabilizers (adapt the shape of the backpack load).
  4. Contoured (adapt to the shape of the back shoulder and chest, reducing the weight on the neck; they must be wide and padded).
  5. Padded back (to move too much weight or with edges)
  6. Fit chest (improved stability).
  7. Locking shoulder (adjust the shoulder straps for different thoracic capabilities).
  8. Belt padding and anatomic (reduces pressure on the hips).
  9. Waist adjustment (will prevent the backpack to jump by walking).
  10. Rolling of belt belts (reduce lateral roll).
  11. Lumbar padding (improves comfort).
  12. Cuelgadedos (bringing the hands to the height of the heart will avoid these swell).
  13. Height adjustment (adapts the backpack at different heights).
  14. Compression straps and skis (enable set inside of the backpack to avoid the load moves).
  15. Anatomical crosshead (allows derive the weight towards the center of the back instead of towards the neck).
  16. Pocket lid (useful for storing small tools often used).
  17. Gear (allows to set additional, material backpack as a mat).

Preparing the Backpack 2

How to adjust the backpack to the body:

  • Loaded the Backpack on his back, the crosshead must be located between the shoulder blades (Fig. 1).
  • Close the belt (Fig. 2), leaving it in the top of the pelvis and the maximum contact throughout their journey.
  • Tensaremos belt adjustments so that balancing does not occur in the lower part of the bag (Fig. 3).
  • Tensaremos the shoulder straps so that we notice contact with the chest, shoulders and even the beginning of the back (Fig. 4).
  • Tensaremos the strapless top of shoulder straps to cancel rolling from the top (Fig. 5).
  • The chest strap is very useful for a good immobilization of the load.

Weight distribution:

The way in which we distribute in the backpack weights shall be conclusive for the feeling of comfort according to the load and type of travel you are going to perform.

Preparing the Backpack 3

In gentle walks, the objective is the have the center of gravity as close to your shoulders as possible. On the contrary, for routes that occur many miles and support much weight, will be more interesting to put heavier items at the bottom of the backpack.

In the picture we can see where we should locate the center of gravity.

Tips

  • Traditional backpacks are not watertight, so use interior bag watertight or waterproof covers will ensure keep the contents dry.
  • The distribution of the contents of the backpack in bags of colors improves the location and distribution of the load.
  • Metal reinforcements of some backpacks can be used in an emergency to make long-term investments.

Image from garryknight

We appreciate the collaboration in this article by Juancho González Font.

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