Climate of Minneapolis, Minnesota

Map of Minneapolis, Minnesota

Minneapolis, Minnesota, situated in the Upper Midwest of the United States, experiences a diverse climate with four distinct seasons. The city is known for its cold, snowy winters, warm summers, and significant variations in temperature throughout the year. Minneapolis’ climate is significantly shaped by its northern location, with its position inland from the Great Lakes and its proximity to the Canadian border playing a key role. In this comprehensive exploration of Minneapolis’ climate, we will delve into the city’s annual weather patterns, seasonal variations, and notable climatic features.

Geographic Location and Influences:

According to citiesplustowns, Minneapolis is located in the southeastern part of Minnesota, near the border with Wisconsin. The city’s climate is significantly influenced by its geographical features, which include its inland location, its proximity to the Canadian border, and its relatively flat terrain. Several key factors contribute to Minneapolis’ climate:

  1. Northern Latitude: Minneapolis’ northern location, at approximately 45 degrees north, places it in the northern temperate zone, leading to distinct four-season climate patterns.
  2. Inland Position: Minneapolis is not influenced by large bodies of water, such as the Great Lakes, which can moderate temperatures in other areas. This contributes to more extreme temperature fluctuations between seasons.

Seasonal Overview:

Minneapolis experiences four distinct seasons, each with its own unique weather patterns. Here is an overview of the seasons in Minneapolis:

  • Spring (March – May): Spring in Minneapolis is a transitional season marked by warming temperatures and the gradual emergence of vegetation. Daytime highs typically range from the 40s to 60s Fahrenheit (4-20°C). Spring can bring rain showers and occasional snowfall in March and April.
  • Summer (June – August): Summers in Minneapolis are warm and occasionally hot. Daytime temperatures often climb into the 80s and 90s Fahrenheit (27-38°C), with relatively low humidity. The city experiences occasional thunderstorms.
  • Fall (September – November): Fall is a favored season for many in Minneapolis. Daytime highs generally range from the 60s to low 70s Fahrenheit (16-24°C). Nights become cooler, with temperatures in the 40s and 50s°F (4-15°C). Fall is typically dry and marked by clear, sunny days and vibrant foliage.
  • Winter (December – February): Winters in Minneapolis are cold and snowy. Daytime highs typically range from the 20s to 30s Fahrenheit (-6 to 4°C). Nights are significantly colder, often dropping below zero degrees Fahrenheit (-18°C). Snowfall is common, and the city experiences distinct winter storms.

Temperature Trends:

Minneapolis’ climate is characterized by significant temperature fluctuations between the seasons, with cold winters and warm summers. Here’s a closer look at temperature trends in the city:

  • Average Annual Temperature: Minneapolis has an average annual temperature of around 47°F (8°C), reflecting the city’s four-season climate and northern location.
  • Summer Temperatures: Summers in Minneapolis are warm, with daytime highs often reaching the 80s and occasionally the 90s Fahrenheit (27-38°C). Nights are generally milder, with temperatures in the 60s°F (15-26°C).
  • Winter Temperatures: Winters in Minneapolis are cold, with daytime highs typically ranging from the 20s to 30s Fahrenheit (-6 to 4°C). Nights are significantly colder, often dropping below zero degrees Fahrenheit (-18°C).
  • Spring and Fall Temperatures: Spring and fall offer milder conditions. Daytime highs generally range from the 40s to 70s Fahrenheit (4-24°C). Nights are cooler, with temperatures in the 30s to 50s°F (1-15°C).


Minneapolis receives a relatively even distribution of precipitation throughout the year, with no distinct dry or rainy season. The city has an annual average of approximately 30 inches (762 mm) of precipitation. Here’s how precipitation is distributed throughout the year:

  • Spring Showers: Spring brings rain showers and the gradual renewal of vegetation in Minneapolis. The season may also see occasional snowfall in March and April.
  • Summer Thunderstorms: Minneapolis experiences occasional thunderstorms during the summer months, which can bring heavy rainfall and provide relief from the heat.
  • Fall Rainfall: Fall is typically dry, offering pleasant weather for outdoor activities and enjoying the vibrant foliage.
  • Winter Snowfall: Minneapolis experiences snowfall during the winter months, with the city typically receiving around 54 inches of snow annually. Snowfall is common, and the region is susceptible to winter storms.

Climatic Features:

  • Northern Latitude: Minneapolis’ northern location results in colder winters and warm summers, with distinct temperature variations between seasons.
  • Winter Sports: Minneapolis’ snowy winters offer opportunities for winter sports such as skiing, snowboarding, and ice skating in the nearby areas.
  • Inland Climate: Unlike cities near the Great Lakes, Minneapolis is not influenced by large bodies of water, which can lead to more extreme temperature fluctuations.


Minneapolis, Minnesota, experiences a four-season climate with significant temperature variations throughout the year. The city’s northern location, inland position, and relatively flat terrain contribute to its diverse climate, with cold, snowy winters and warm summers. While Minneapolis’ climate presents seasonal challenges, such as winter storms and the occasional extreme cold, it also offers unique recreational opportunities and outdoor activities for residents and visitors to enjoy year-round. The climate is an integral part of Minneapolis’ identity, providing a distinct environment to explore and experience.

Map of Minneapolis, Minnesota