Kyrgyzstan Picks

Kyrgyzstan is located in Central Asia, bordered by Kazakhstan to the north, Uzbekistan to the west, Tajikistan to the south, and China to the east. Its strategic location along the ancient Silk Road has shaped its history and culture over the centuries.


Kyrgyzstan’s geography is dominated by mountain ranges, vast steppes, and alpine lakes, making it a paradise for outdoor enthusiasts.


The climate in Kyrgyzstan varies depending on altitude, with cold winters and warm summers in the lowlands, and cool summers and frigid winters in the mountains. The country experiences a continental climate, with hot summers and cold winters.


Kyrgyzstan is home to a diverse range of wildlife, including snow leopards, ibex, eagles, and marmots. The country’s national parks and nature reserves provide important habitats for these animals.

Longest Rivers

The longest river in Kyrgyzstan is the Naryn River, which flows through the central part of the country. Other major rivers include the Talas, Chu, and Kara Darya rivers.

Highest Mountains

Kyrgyzstan is known for its towering peaks, including some of the highest mountains in the world. The Tien Shan mountain range, which runs through the country, is home to peaks such as Pik Pobedy (Jengish Chokusu), the highest mountain in Kyrgyzstan and the Tien Shan, standing at 7,439 meters (24,406 feet) above sea level.


Kyrgyzstan’s history is marked by a rich tapestry of nomadic cultures, ancient civilizations, and diverse influences from neighboring regions.


The territory of present-day Kyrgyzstan has been inhabited since ancient times, with evidence of human settlement dating back to the Stone Age. Nomadic tribes such as the Scythians and Saka roamed the steppes of Central Asia, leaving behind artifacts and burial mounds.

Ancient Period

The Kyrgyz people, believed to be of Turkic origin, began migrating to the region in the 9th century AD. They established a nomadic lifestyle based on herding and horseback riding, and their culture flourished in the fertile valleys and high mountain pastures of Kyrgyzstan.

Mongol Rule

In the 13th century, the Mongol Empire under Genghis Khan swept through Central Asia, bringing Kyrgyzstan under Mongol rule. The region became part of the Chagatai Khanate, a Mongol successor state, and experienced a period of cultural and economic exchange.

Russian Influence

In the 19th century, Kyrgyzstan came under Russian influence as the Russian Empire expanded into Central Asia. The region was incorporated into the Russian Empire and later became part of the Soviet Union as the Kirghiz Soviet Socialist Republic.


Kyrgyzstan gained independence from the Soviet Union in 1991, following the collapse of communism. Askar Akayev became the country’s first president, ushering in a new era of democracy and economic reform.

Modern Age

Since gaining independence, Kyrgyzstan has faced challenges related to political instability, economic development, and ethnic tensions. However, the country has made strides in building democratic institutions, promoting cultural diversity, and fostering regional cooperation.


Kyrgyzstan has a population of approximately 6.5 million people, with a diverse mix of ethnicities and cultures.


The majority of Kyrgyzstan’s population is ethnic Kyrgyz, with significant minority populations of Uzbeks, Russians, and other ethnic groups. The country’s ethnic diversity is reflected in its rich cultural heritage and traditions.


Islam is the predominant religion in Kyrgyzstan, with the majority of the population adhering to Sunni Islam. There are also small Christian and Buddhist communities in the country.


The official language of Kyrgyzstan is Kyrgyz, a Turkic language closely related to Kazakh and Uzbek. Russian is widely spoken as a second language, especially in urban areas and among older generations.


Kyrgyz culture is characterized by its nomadic heritage, with traditions such as yurt-dwelling, horseback riding, and eagle hunting still practiced in rural areas. Music, dance, and storytelling play a central role in Kyrgyz cultural life, with traditional instruments such as the komuz and kyl kiak accompanying folk performances.

Administrative Divisions

Kyrgyzstan is divided into seven regions (oblasts) and two cities with regional status (shaar).

List of Administrative Divisions with Population

  1. Bishkek City – Population: 1 million
  2. Osh City – Population: 300,000
  3. Chui Region – Population: 1.3 million
  4. Issyk-Kul Region – Population: 500,000
  5. Jalal-Abad Region – Population: 1 million
  6. Naryn Region – Population: 300,000
  7. Osh Region – Population: 1 million
  8. Talas Region – Population: 300,000
  9. Batken Region – Population: 500,000

10 Largest Cities by Population

  1. Bishkek
  2. Osh
  3. Jalal-Abad
  4. Karakol
  5. Tokmok
  6. Kara-Balta
  7. Naryn
  8. Talas
  9. Batken
  10. Kant

Education Systems

Education in Kyrgyzstan is free and compulsory for children between the ages of 7 and 16. The country has a network of public schools, as well as private and international schools. Kyrgyz National University and Osh State University are among the top universities in the country, offering a wide range of academic programs.


Kyrgyzstan has a developing transportation infrastructure, with efforts focused on improving road networks and expanding public transportation options.


Kyrgyzstan has several airports, including Manas International Airport in Bishkek and Osh International Airport in Osh. These airports serve domestic and international flights, connecting Kyrgyzstan with major cities in the region and beyond.


Kyrgyzstan has a limited railway network, with a single line connecting Bishkek with neighboring Kazakhstan. Plans for the expansion of the railway network are underway to improve connectivity within the country and with neighboring countries.


Kyrgyzstan has a network of highways and roads connecting major cities and towns across the country. The total length of highways in Kyrgyzstan is approximately 34,000 kilometers.


Kyrgyzstan is a landlocked country and does not have any major ports.

Country Facts

  • Population: 6.5 million
  • Capital: Bishkek
  • Language: Kyrgyz, Russian
  • Religion: Islam (predominantly Sunni)
  • Race: Kyrgyz (majority), Uzbek, Russian, other ethnic groups
  • Currency: Kyrgyzstani Som (KGS)
  • ISO Country Codes: KG
  • International Calling Code: +996
  • Top-level Domain: .kg